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TOLES ADVANCED PRACTICE EXERCISE: (B2+/C1)

The following text is about a recent case which came before the courts in Australia. The text contains some gaps. If you are studying for the TOLES Advanced examination, it is the kind of ‘gap fill’ text that you might expect to see. Read the text and try to think of a word which best fits each of the gaps, (1) – (10). You will find the Answer Key a little way under the text.

A recent case in Australia has demonstrated that the courts are willing to (1)………………. significant sums of money in compensation against individuals who make social media posts that could seriously damage another person’s reputation. The case concerned posts which were made by a New Zealand based Australian called Karen Brewer, an alleged conspiracy theorist, against Australian Federal MP, Dr Anne Webster.


The background to the case was that over a two-week period in April 2020, Karen Brewer made a series of posts on her Facebook page. The posts alleged that Dr Webster, along with others, was a member of a child-abuse network. The posts containing the (2)…………………………. made by Karen Brewer were shared hundreds of times on Facebook accounts which were associated with the town of Mildura in Australia, where Dr Webster lives.


Karen Brewer took no part in the legal (3)……………………. brought (4)…………………… her by Dr Webster, which were commenced after Facebook refused to remove the posts after several requests by Dr Webster to do so. Dr Webster claimed that the posts made by Karen Brewer damaged her reputation and were therefore (5)……………………….. In June 2020, when Karen Brewer failed to (6)………………… any defence to the claim, the judge, Gleeson J, ordered (7)……………………….. in default against her. The judge also ordered interlocutory and final (8)………………………….. against Karen Brewer, ordering her to remove the posts and restraining her from making further posts about Dr Webster in the future.


Before making an award of (9)………………………. in the sum of $350,000 to Dr Webster, the judge also said it was hard to imagine a more serious sort of imputation than the one made by Karen Brewer against Dr Webster. As the judge considered the posts made by Karen Brewer to have been vicious, repetitive and without foundation, and which appeared to be part of a vendetta against Dr Brewster, the award included (10)……………………….. damages to reflect the nature and circumstances of the defendant’s wrongdoing.



Note: When you do an exercise like this, such as in the TOLES Advanced exam, a good tip is to make sure that you read the text on both sides of the gap before trying to attempt an answer.





Answer Key:

1. award

2. allegations

3. proceedings

4. against

5. defamatory

6. file

7. judgment

8. injunctions

9. damages

10. aggravated


(c) Cambridge Legal English Academy 2020

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